Tag Archives: monthly garden calendar

Landscaping Management 101: November

Beautiful autumn days mean comfortable working temperatures and hopefully time to continue prepping for winter. The more you do now, the easier things will be in the spring! Put things away, organize, protect, and enjoy the remaining fruits of your hard labor throughout this past year!

EARLY NOVEMBER

  • Deciduous trees, shrubs, and spring bulbs can be planted until the ground freezes.
  • Keep fallen leaves from piling up on your lawn.  This will prevent smothering this winter.
  • Outdoor planters, baskets, etc. should be emptied and washed before storing for next year.
  • Mulch in roses with 8 to 10 inches of soil or shredded bark. 
  • Water all evergreens before the ground freezes to keep them from drying out over winter.
  • Spray plants with repellents to protect them from rabbits, deer, and mice.
  • Harvest cole crops as long as possible since they are made sweeter by frost (Common cole crops include broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower, collards, kale, and kohlrabi).

MID NOVEMBER

  • Cut the lawn short (2-2.5 inches) once the leaves are off the trees to discourage snow mold and mice tunneling.
  • Protect strawberries with a 6-inch layer of clean, loose marsh hay. (We use marsh hay because it contains fewer weed seeds and stays “fluffier.”)
  • Protect tender perennials with a 2 to 3 inch layer of fresh balsam boughs.
  • Protect tree trunks from pest damage by surrounding with plastic or wire 1-2 feet higher than expected snowfall.

LATE NOVEMBER

  • Stop fertilizing houseplants since they will use less water and nutrients due to lower light levels.
  • Move pesticides and equipment to a place where they will not freeze.
  • Wash off garden tools and dry completely when storing for winter. Use a rag dipped in oil to wipe down metal parts of tools. Wipe down wooden parts with linseed oil to keep the wood from drying out.
  • Cover cole crops to prevent them from freezing solid.
  • Cut down and discard asparagus stems and leaves that have yellowed to reduce disease and insect issues next year.
  • Enjoy Thanksgiving Dinner – the fruits of your labor.

Landscaping Management 101: October

Winter is coming! Living in Wisconsin, we are accustomed to winter showing up early so, whether we like it or not, it is time to start preparing. Even light frosts can pose dangers for more tender plants like your begonias, tomatoes, and peppers. Be prepared ahead of time so you do not get caught off guard!

EARLY OCTOBER

  • Store bulbs of summer-flowering tender perennials (cannas, calla lily, begonias) if you haven’t already.
  • Spot treat broadleaf weeds. This is most effective after the first light frost or multiple nights in a row with temperatures into the 30’s.
  • Collect soil samples now for testing if desired to prepare for next year’s fertilization.
  • Protect tender vegetables if early frost is predicted by covering them just before sundown.
  • Dig up any frost-sensitive annuals and to bring them indoors for winter blooms.

MID OCTOBER

  • Finish planting tulips, daffodils, crocus, and hyacinth.
  • Begin winterization of plant material.
  • Remove and compost asparagus, peony, and rhubarb tops.
  • Individual garlic cloves can be planted and will result in full garlic bulbs next year.
  • Fertilize established trees and shrubs. Fertilization is especially recommended for more unique varieties and plants under stress.
  • Fertilize houseplants for the last time until March.

LATE OCTOBER

  • Wrap trunks of young or thin-barked trees such as green ash, honeylocust, maple, and linden with tree wrap.
  • Rake or mow leaves and make sure thick leaves are not left under the snow all winter. If leaves have fungus or disease make sure to remove them.
  • Continue mowing the lawn until it stops growing.
  • Note crabgrass areas of lawn after they are killed by hard frost and apply crabgrass preventer to prevent its return in the future.
  • Drain hoses and empty bird baths before the first hard frost.

Landscaping Management 101: September

As we enter into September, the heat of summer will finally begin to diminish as we enjoy cooler evening temperatures. The cooler temperatures create a great opportunity for some transplanting, sowing grass seed, and utilizing various herbicides as we continue to enjoy harvesting various fruits and vegetables. Let’s dive into our September Landscape Management 101.

EARLY SEPTEMBER

  • Divide spring and summer-flowering perennials.  These include peonies, daylilies, irises, oriental poppies, phlox, and many others. However, if the plant is currently blooming then it should not be divided.
  • September is a great time to plant evergreen trees!
  • Trim “Bleeder” trees such as Birch, Maple, and Elm.
  • Control broadleaf weeds in the lawn with appropriate application. Either spot treat or apply weed and feed products.
  • Seed bare spots in lawn, sow lawn seed, and/or install sod.
  • Plant spring-flowering bulbs (Tulips, Daffodils, Crocus, Hyacinth).
  • Take cuttings of shade-loving flowering annuals and herbs for growing indoors throughout the winter if desired.

MID SEPTEMBER

  • Bring house plants back indoors. Keep an eye out for insects! One way to minimize insects is to give the plant a good blast of water before bringing it inside.
  • Continue to plant spring-blooming bulbs.
  • Aerate lawn if desired to smooth out bumpy lawns, allow air and moisture to penetrate root zone, and breakdown thatch layer.
  • Harvest tender vegetables before frost.

LATE SEPTEMBER

  • Many late apple varieties can be harvested.
  • Harvest dahlias and other summer bulbs after a killing frost – when plants turn black.
  • Collect dried flowers for fall arrangements.
  • While most trees will not start losing leaves quite yet, make sure to rake up and remove any leaves affected by fungal or bacterial diseases.

As always we are here for you! Stop by with your questions or to pick up necessary fertilizers and herbicides today!

Landscaping Management 101: August

One more month of heat to go before things start cooling off! Luckily, August brings a lighter workload with a focus on continuing basic upkeep and spraying your favorite plants regularly to protect them until the feeding frenzy ends. Once the night temperatures begin to drop later in September many pests will return to the ground and your battle against pests will diminish.

EARLY AUGUST

  • Keep garden weeds from going to seed.
  • Continue to monitor aphids as they will show up all season long. Combat with a strong blast of water or insecticidal soap.
  • Continue controlling cucumber beetles that spread bacterial wilt with weekly dusts of insecticides.
  • Avoid pruning trees and shrubs because the new growth may not harden off in time for winter.
  • Enjoy harvesting your fruit and vegetables regularly to avoid attracting more pests with overripe fruit.

MID AUGUST

  • Disbud dahlias for extra-large flowers.
  • Prune out old raspberry canes to prepare for next year and avoid disease. Leave 3-4 canes per foot of row.
  • Divide Iris and check for rhizome rots. Destroy all infected plants.
  • Continue watering flower beds once a week in dry periods.
  • Harvest early apples.
  • Dig early potatoes as vines die down.

LATE AUGUST

  • Continue to maintain spray program on fruit trees.
  • Harvest pears as they become light green.
  • Divide spring flowering perennials.
  • Now is a great time to seed or sod new lawns or repair damaged areas in existing lawns.
  • Continue deadheading to prepare for a final late-season flower display.

Have questions? Not sure which insecticide to use? Call or stop by Vande Hey Company today and we can give suggestions, recommend products, and walk with you as you continue striving towards your backyard dream oasis. Call 920.788.6344 today!

Landscaping Management 101: July

Things are heating up and summer is moving full force ahead. Along with the heat, keeping things hydrated and battling disease will be our biggest challenge. Don’t forget to keep yourself hydrated as well as you move forward with your July Landscape Management 101!

EARLY JULY

  • Stop harvesting asparagus and rhubarb.
  • Don’t neglect vegetable garden; continue weed control and watch leaves for signs of disease.
  • Water flower border once a week during dry periods.
  • Spray or dust tomatoes for blight control.
  • Spray or dust squashes, melons, and cucumbers to prevent bacterial wilt.
  • Deadhead annuals and perennials after flowering to encourage the plant to spend its energy producing more flowers or foliage and roots.
  • Fertilize flowering annuals to give an extra boost of energy.

MID JULY

  • Prune Yews, Junipers, and Arborvitae by mid-July.
  • Watch for rust on hollyhocks.
  • Renovate old strawberry plantings when bearing is finished.
  • Pick off dead flowers for attractive borders and blooms.
  • Keep an eye out for webs from webworm on woody plants. Cut out branches wrapped in webbing and spray with insecticide.
  • Keep plants, especially vegetables, evenly moist to promote good health as it gets warmer.
  • Harvest raspberries regularly to help discourage insects.

LATE JULY

  • Stop feeding roses and most perennials.
  • Tie Dahlias to stakes.
  • Keep lawn mown at 2 1/2” height.
  • Make last granular fertilizer applications on woody plants.
  • Alpine Currant shrubs infected with fungus will lose leaves and may defoliate completely. Fallen leaves should be removed and destroyed to reduce infection next year.
  • Watch for powdery mildew and leaf spot diseases on flowers and ornamentals.
  • Honeysuckles susceptible to aphids should be sprayed every 10-14 days with insecticidal soap.

As always, let us know if you have questions! We can give suggestions, recommend product, and help you create the beautiful backyard you’re striving toward. Call 920.788.6344 today!

Landscaping Management 101: June

June is Rose Month, so let’s work hard, but don’t forget to stop and smell the roses! We are saying goodbye to the spring and hello to the start of summer! We will also be saying hello to gorgeous annual and perennial flowers and unfortunately the pests that come along with the warmer weather. Let’s get right to it with your June Landscape Management 101!

EARLY JUNE

  • Prune all spring flowering shrubs as they finish blooming.
  • Cut peony blooms when they are one-third open if you want to bring them in for cut flowers.
  • Plant late potatoes and cabbage.
  • Fertilize bulbs and most perennial flowers now. The bulbs will be forming for next year and the perennials will be actively producing flowers!
  • Prune and transplant houseplants experiencing vigorous growth due to increased light and warmer temperatures. Fertilize monthly.
  • Control heavy plant bug damage on honey locust and ash foliage with insecticides.
  • Inspect your vegetable garden for pests, covering and spraying as necessary. If you have specific questions check with a Vande Hey Company horticulturist.
  • Spray fruit trees.
  • Cut back late spring blooming perennials such as yarrow and salvia to encourage a second flush of blooms in summer.
  • Aphids can be treated with a strong jet of water or insecticidal soap. They are typically identified by curling foliage, sticky leaves, and black sooty mold.

MID JUNE

  • Cut back delphinium after blooming.
  • Allow only 1 dahlia shoot per clump
  • Mulch woody plants to control weeds, retain moisture, and modify soil temperature extremes.
  • Stake and mulch tomatoes; thin annual flowers and vegetables.
  • Sow perennial seeds and label all perennials.
  • Remove seed clusters from lilacs.
  • Check spruce and arborvitaes for spider mites. Thoroughly wet plants with hose if present.
  • If you have not mulched yet, 2-4” of fresh mulch will discourage weeds, hold moisture, and maintain even soil temperatures. Mulch rings around trees can also prevent mower damage.

LATE JUNE

  • Pinch out tips of black raspberry shoots when 3 feet tall.
  • Remove leaves of spring flowering bulbs after they turn yellow for best development and growth next year.
  • Set house plants on shaded patio as night temperature warms.
  • Fertilize roses after first full flush of blooms.
  • Keep an eye out for Japanese beetle adults and get ready to treat grubs.

As always, let us know if you have questions! We can give suggestions, recommend product, and help you create the beautiful backyard you’re striving toward. Call 920.788.6344 today!